Zmiany w krtani w przebiegu choroby refluksowej
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is observed when stomach contents reflux causes troublesome symptoms and/or complications. A characteristic feature is the occurrence of chronic discomfort with accompanying inflammatory changes in the esophagus. Apart from typical GERD symptoms there are also others, especially originating from the respiratory system and the upper part of the digestive tract. A large group of symptoms have laryngological background, such as hoarseness, dysphagia, globus sensation in the throat, sore throat, cough and postnasal drip. The author presents the latest opinions and views on the laryngeal aspect of gastro-esophageal reflux disease. Moreover, the epidemiology, pathophysiology and symptomathology of the laryngo-pharyngeal reflux are discussed.