Wiedza studentów gdańskich uczelni wyższych na temat skutków spożywania alkoholu przez kobiety w ciąży
Introduction. We can observe an increasing frequency of alcohol consumption by young women. Especially among women we need to remember about the impairment of foetal development. The most important consequence is FAS (Fetal Alkohol Syndrome).
The aim of the study. The aim of the work is to estimate the knowledge of Gdansk Colleges students about consequences of alcohol consumption by pregnant women, especially about FAS. Moreover, the correlation between frequency of alcohol consumption and the knowledge about consequences of alcohol consumption during pregnancy was studied.
Material and method. The surveyed group consisted of 150 Gdansk Colleges students: Medical University, Technical University, University and Banking College. The method of the work was a diagnostic survey. The tool was based on the author’s questionnaire used in the survey. It was anonymously conducted among Gdansk Colleges students in 2014.
Results. More than 70% of students drink alcohol minimum once a week. Medical students have the highest knowledge about consequences of alcohol consumption during pregnancy (p=0.00714). Among students knowing FAS definition, there are no statistically significant differences in the knowledge of FAS prevention methods and the awareness of FAS incurability and irreversibility (p=0.4862). The statistically significant differences were observed in the knowledge of correlation between FAS and cognitive abilities of a child (p=0.0118). Among students who drink less frequently, better knowledge about FAS prevention (p=0.0076) and irreversibility of the syndrome (p=0.005) was observed. There were no significant differences according to the knowledge of the definition and awareness of lowering cognitive abilities (p=0.0825 and p=0.4717).
Conclusions. Generally, medical students have better knowledge about consequences of alcohol consumption during pregnancy. Students who drink alcohol more frequently have lower knowledge and awareness of FAS. Taking it into account and remembering potential consequences of alcohol consumption effective educational campaigns among young women should be undertaken.
Adres: dr n. med. Marzena Zarzeczna-Baran
Zakład Zdrowia Publicznego i Medycyny Społecznej GUMed
al. Zwycięstwa 42a, 80-210 Gdańsk